Myofascial Pain Syndrome
MPS is characterized by the development of trigger points at the actual site of the injury or strain. A trigger point is a contracted muscle that stays in a contracted state and forms a taut band or knot that can actually be felt. Trigger points are tender to touch and irritate the nerve around them causing referred pain, or pain that is felt in another part of the body. For instance, trigger points in the neck and upper shoulders can be referred to the head, and trigger points in the lower back can be referred down the leg. MPS is diagnosed by palpation of these trigger points. The deep, aching pain that is associated with MPS can be made worse with activity or stress.
MPS is very similar to fibromyalgia, which our website also addresses, but there are differences. The pain in MPS is localized, while the pain in fibromyalgia is diffuse. Fatigue is not common in MPS, but is quite common in fibromyalgia. Trigger points are characteristic of MPS, but fibromyalgia is characterized by tender points, where the pain is not referred. Finally, MPS usually resolves with treatment, while fibromyalgia is chronic. Some research suggests that myofascial pain may develop into fibromyalgia in some people.
Treatment consists of a multi-faceted approach. Myofascial release is a form of deep massage therapy to ease trigger points. Trigger point injections with a local anesthetic and steroid are administered by a physician to inactivate the trigger points. Physical therapy consists of a gentle stretching of the muscles. Medications in the form of Advil, Motrin, and Aleve and/or some antidepressants are often recommended. Some patients find chiropractic manipulation helpful. Elimination of stress via biofeedback or counseling should also be part of a MPS treatment program. A regular exercise program, consisting of aerobic exercise and stretching, should be included as part of a well rounded treatment program. Those individuals who think that they may have myofascial pain syndrome should see a physician knowledgeable in the treatment of pain syndromes, such as a pain management physician, a physiatrist, or a neurologist.
More detailed information on MPS can be found on the internet by clicking here